Fears Of 'Full-scale War' Amid Deadly Israel-Palestinian Clashes

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Heavy exchanges of rocket fire and air strikes, and rioting in mixed Jewish-Arab towns, fuelled fears Wednesday that deadly violence between Israel and Palestinians could spiral into "full-scale war".

Israel's Defence Minister Benny Gantz vowed more attacks on Hamas and other Islamist militant groups in Gaza to bring "total, long-term quiet" before considering a ceasefire.

Israeli seurity forces advance amid clashes with Palestinian protesters at the al-Aqsa mosque compound in Jerusalem Israeli seurity forces advance amid clashes with Palestinian protesters at the al-Aqsa mosque compound in Jerusalem  AFP / Ahmad GHARABLI

"This is just the beginning," warned Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu. "We'll deliver them blows they haven't dreamt of."

Gaza militants have launched more than 1,000 rockets since Monday, said Israel's army, which has carried out hundreds of air strikes on Islamist groups in the crowded coastal enclave of Gaza.

Map of Jerusalem's Old City Map of Jerusalem's Old City  AFP / AFP

The most intense hostilities in seven years have killed at least 56 people in Gaza, including 14 children, and six in Israel, including an Israeli soldier and one Indian national, since Monday.

Three Palestinians were killed in West Bank clashes. And at least 230 Palestinians and 100 Israelis have been wounded.

Israeli security forces form a shield as a stun grenade bursts amid clashes with Palestinian protesters at the al-Aqsa mosque compound in Jerusalem Israeli security forces form a shield as a stun grenade bursts amid clashes with Palestinian protesters at the al-Aqsa mosque compound in Jerusalem  AFP / Ahmad GHARABLI

The bloodshed was triggered by weekend unrest at Jerusalem's Al-Aqsa mosque compound, which is sacred to both Muslims and Jews.

As world powers voiced growing alarm over the crisis, the UN Middle East envoy Tor Wennesland warned that "we're escalating towards a full-scale war".

An injured Palestinian protestor is helped during clashes with Israeli police in Sheikh Jarrah in east Jerusalem An injured Palestinian protestor is helped during clashes with Israeli police in Sheikh Jarrah in east Jerusalem  AFP / EMMANUEL DUNAND

The UN Security Council held another emergency meeting without agreeing on a joint statement due to opposition from the United States, Israel's ally.

Netanyahu declared a state of emergency in the mixed Jewish-Arab Israeli city of Lod, where police said "wide-scale riots erupted among some of the Arab residents", and authorities later imposed an overnight curfew there.

Israeli security forces deploy next to the Dome of the Rock mosque amid clashes with Palestinian protesters at the al-Aqsa mosque compound in Jerusalem Israeli security forces deploy next to the Dome of the Rock mosque amid clashes with Palestinian protesters at the al-Aqsa mosque compound in Jerusalem  AFP / Ahmad GHARABLI

There were fears of widening civil unrest as protesters waving Palestinian flags burnt cars and properties, including a synagogue, clashed with Israeli police and attacked Jewish motorists in several Jewish-Arab towns.

Masked Palestinian supporters of Islamic Jihad prepare incendiary balloons near Beit Lahia in Gaza City, to launch across the border fence towards Israel Masked Palestinian supporters of Islamic Jihad prepare incendiary balloons near Beit Lahia in Gaza City, to launch across the border fence towards Israel  AFP / MAHMUD HAMS

Israel's President Reuven Rivlin, in unusually strong language, denounced what he described as a "pogrom" in which "an incited and bloodthirsty Arab mob" had injured people and attacked sacred Jewish spaces.

Israeli mounted policemen disperse protesters during a demonstration by Palestinians against the possible eviction of Palestinian families from their homes in Sheikh Jarrah Israeli mounted policemen disperse protesters during a demonstration by Palestinians against the possible eviction of Palestinian families from their homes in Sheikh Jarrah  AFP / Menahem KAHANA

Rivlin said Israelis needed "to be ready and armed, strong and determined, prepared to defend our home".

Palestinian groups, mainly Hamas and Islamic Jihad, have launched more than 1,000 rockets, Israel's army said, including hundreds at Tel Aviv, where air sirens wailed overnight.

Palestinian faithful hold night-time prayers in front of the Dome of the Rock in the Old City of Israeli-annexed east Jerusalem Palestinian faithful hold night-time prayers in front of the Dome of the Rock in the Old City of Israeli-annexed east Jerusalem  AFP / Ahmad GHARABLI

Of these, 850 have hit in Israel or been intercepted by Israel's Iron Dome air defence system, while the rest have crashed inside Gaza, the army said.

Israel has launched hundreds of air strikes on Gaza, the Israeli-blockaded strip of two million people that Hamas controls, targeting what the army described as "terror" sites.

An Israeli sapper checks a damaged apartment in the southern Israeli city of Ashkelon after rockets were fired by the Hamas movement from the Gaza Strip towards Israel overnight An Israeli sapper checks a damaged apartment in the southern Israeli city of Ashkelon after rockets were fired by the Hamas movement from the Gaza Strip towards Israel overnight  AFP / JACK GUEZ

Hamas said several of its top commanders were killed in Israeli strikes, including its military chief in Gaza City, Bassem Issa. Israel's internal security agency, the Shin Bet, also identified three other top Hamas militants who it said were killed.

Its leader Ismail Haniyeh threatened to step up attacks, warning that "if Israel wants to escalate, we are ready for it".

Relatives of Palestinian Hussein al-Titi, 26, killed by Israeli gunfire in Fawwar refugee camp near the city of Hebron, in the occupied West Bank, mourn over his body Relatives of Palestinian Hussein al-Titi, 26, killed by Israeli gunfire in Fawwar refugee camp near the city of Hebron, in the occupied West Bank, mourn over his body  AFP / HAZEM BADER

British Prime Minister Boris Johnson urged both sides to "step back from the brink".

French Foreign Minister Jean-Yves Le Drian said "everything must be done" to avoid a new Middle East conflict.

Secretary of State Antony Blinken said a US envoy would travel to meet Israeli and Palestinian leaders to seek "a de-escalation of violence".

In Gaza City, people sifted through debris after an Israeli air strike destroyed a 12-storey building that Hamas had been a residential building. It was also known to house the offices of several Hamas officials.

Five members of a single family were killed by an Israeli strike in northern Gaza Tuesday, including young brothers Ibrahim and Marwan, who were filling sacks of straw at the time.

"We were laughing and having fun when suddenly they began to bomb us. Everything around us caught fire," their cousin, also called Ibrahim, told AFP.

"I saw my cousins set alight and torn to pieces," said the 14-year-old, breaking down in tears.

In Israel's central city of Lod, a man and a girl were killed Wednesday by rocket fire from Gaza. Israel identified one of the dead as 16-year-old Nadin Awad, an Arab Israeli.

Her cousin, Ahmad Ismail, told public broadcaster Kan that he was near Nadin when she was killed alongside her father Khalil Awad, 52.

"I was at home, we heard the noise of the rocket," said Ismail. "It happened so quickly. Even if we had wanted to run somewhere, we don't have a safe room."

An Israeli woman was killed when rockets hit Rishon Letzion near Tel Aviv. In Ashkelon, a town near Gaza which Hamas threatened to turn into "hell", rockets fired by militants killed two women Tuesday.

The crisis flared last Friday when weeks of tensions boiled over and Israeli riot police clashed with crowds of Palestinians at Jerusalem's Al-Aqsa mosque.

Nightly disturbances have since flared in east Jerusalem, leaving more than 900 Palestinians injured, according to the Palestinian Red Crescent.

The unrest has been driven by anger over the looming evictions of Palestinian families from the Jerusalem neighbourhood of Sheikh Jarrah.

Large protests have been held in solidarity with Palestinians around the world, including in Britain and South Africa as well as in Muslim-majority countries including Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Pakistan, Tunisia and Turkey.

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