Brazil Virus Deaths Surge As Pandemic Bites In Latin America

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Brazil recorded its highest number of coronavirus deaths in a day as Latin America began to feel the full force of the pandemic, while the World Health Organization agreed to investigate its response to the crisis.

With infections rapidly approaching five million, deaths topping 320,000 and the global economy devastated, there are fears that the worst is yet to come for the poorer parts of the world as they desperately try to contain the spread of the virus.

Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro has ignored social distancing practices and criticised the need for a lockdown Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro has ignored social distancing practices and criticised the need for a lockdown  AFP / Sergio LIMA

There was an alarming surge on Tuesday in Brazil as daily COVID-19 deaths crossed 1,000 for the first time, but far-right President Jair Bolsonaro remains bitterly opposed to lockdowns, having described them as unnecessary over a "little flu".

IMAGESBeer gardens in Munich reopen for outdoor dining after closing to help stem the spread of coronavirus. IMAGESBeer gardens in Munich reopen for outdoor dining after closing to help stem the spread of coronavirus.  AFPTV / Pauline CURTET

"Our country is going from bad to worse, it is getting worse," said retiree Gilberto Ferreira in Rio de Janeiro. "We have an inefficient government, and the people also do not obey the rules of the pandemic."

German Chancellor Angela Merkel and French President Emmanuel Macron proposed borrowing 500 billion euros to help the EU's worst-hit sectors and regions German Chancellor Angela Merkel and French President Emmanuel Macron proposed borrowing 500 billion euros to help the EU's worst-hit sectors and regions  POOL / Kay NIETFELD

Infections in Brazil -- already the third-highest globally -- were also climbing by the thousands, with the outbreak in the world's sixth-largest country expected to accelerate and not peak until early June.

US President Donald Trump has revealed that he is taking the controversial drug hydroxychloroquine as a preventive measure against the coronavirus US President Donald Trump has revealed that he is taking the controversial drug hydroxychloroquine as a preventive measure against the coronavirus  AFP / Brendan Smialowski

The coronavirus surge in Latin America has forced some areas to suspend their plans to loosen restrictions, with Argentina's second city Cordoba rolling back plans to ease a lockdown because of a spike in infections.

World toll of coronavirus infections and deaths as of May 10, 2020 at 1900 GMT World toll of coronavirus infections and deaths as of May 10, 2020 at 1900 GMT  AFP / Jonathan WALTER

There have been warnings about the impact of the pandemic on the least privileged communities, and World Bank chief David Malpass said Tuesday that up to 60 million people could be "pushed into extreme poverty".

Gondoliers returned to the canals of Venice, even if they are now wearing masks and gloves Gondoliers returned to the canals of Venice, even if they are now wearing masks and gloves  AFP / ANDREA PATTARO

In a worrying illustration of the mounting economic pressure, Chile -- which is also suffering from a sharp rise in cases -- deployed soldiers on the outskirts of its locked-down capital Santiago after clashes with protesters angry about food shortages and job losses.

Demonstrators clash with riot police during a protest against Chilean President Sebastian Pinera's government in Santiago Demonstrators clash with riot police during a protest against Chilean President Sebastian Pinera's government in Santiago  AFP / Pablo Rojas

"They don't have jobs, they are locked up in their house, they can't go out to look for work," said Jorge, an unemployed carpenter. "They are forcing the Chilean, the worker, to go out and steal."

On the other side of the world, authorities were scrambling to move people to safety while also trying to prevent the spread of the coronavirus as the fiercest cyclone in decades in the Bay of Bengal bore down on millions of people in eastern India and Bangladesh.

After hairdressers were allowed to reopen, some people in Italy could not wait to rush out and get their grey roots done or just a decent hair cut. After hairdressers were allowed to reopen, some people in Italy could not wait to rush out and get their grey roots done or just a decent hair cut.  AFPTV / Marc Henri MAISONHAUTE

Gravediggers lower the coffin of a  COVID-19 victim into a grave at Pondok Ranggon cemetery in Jakarta Gravediggers lower the coffin of a COVID-19 victim into a grave at Pondok Ranggon cemetery in Jakarta  AFP / ADEK BERRY

Students follow social distancing guidelines as they enter a school in Albania Students follow social distancing guidelines as they enter a school in Albania  AFP / Gent SHKULLAKU

The grim numbers from Latin America came as the World Health Organization agreed to launch an independent investigation into its handling of the outbreak after scathing attacks from the United States, which is locked in a feud with Beijing over the pandemic.

A worker manages the flow of customers into a Food market in the Jackson Heights neighbourhood of Queens in New York City A worker manages the flow of customers into a Food market in the Jackson Heights neighbourhood of Queens in New York City  AFP / Johannes EISELE

President Donald Trump has threatened to permanently cut US funding to the WHO, accusing the UN body of being a "puppet of China" and helping Beijing cover up the initial outbreak.

Chart showing how COVID-19 deaths in selected countries have risen Chart showing how COVID-19 deaths in selected countries have risen  AFP / John SAEKI

China has furiously denied the allegation, saying the US is making such claims to "shirk responsibility and bargain over its international obligations to the WHO".

Russia has denounced Trump's threat, and the European Union has also backed the WHO, saying it was "not the time for finger pointing".

The row has threatened efforts to coordinate a global response to the pandemic, but the American president has dug in and continued to target China and the WHO as he faces intense domestic pressure to find a way out of the crisis.

The United States is the worst-hit country in the world, with more than 91,000 COVID-19 deaths and 1.5 million cases, and many are wearying of the social distancing measures that have hammered the world's biggest economy and left tens of millions unemployed.

Trump is keen to see an end to confinement measures in the US with the presidential election due in November, and his Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin warned the American economy risks suffering "permanent damage" the longer the lockdown continues.

Since first emerging in central China late last year, the virus has transformed life and business around the world with its impact felt in multiple ways, from once-busy city centers falling silent to significant environmental changes.

Researchers reported Tuesday that global carbon dioxide emissions from fossil fuels are set to drop by up to seven percent in 2020 because of the pandemic, the sharpest decline since World War II.

But the dramatic drop would still "make barely a dent in the ongoing build-up of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere", said Richard Betts, head of climate impacts research at Britain's Met Office Hadley Centre.

The sports world is also expected to be strikingly different from before the pandemic, with mandatory testing, quarantines, strict social distancing guidelines and empty, echoing arenas expected to be the norm for the foreseeable future.

German top-flight football has already resumed, and the globally popular English Premier League is conducting mass testing of players and staff in a bid to restart next month.

But it faces resistance with players voicing concerns about their well-being and spreading the virus to their families.

"I can't get a haircut until mid-July, but I can go and get in a box with 19 people and jump for a header," Troy Deeney of Premier League club Watford said on the Talk The Talk podcast.

"I don't know how that works."

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